Welcome! We regret to inform you that the Injury Board National News Desk has been discontinued. Feel free to browse around and enjoy our previously published articles, or visit The Injury Blog Network for the latest in personal injury news.

Vitamin D Deficiency And Cardiovascular Risk

Posted by Jane Akre
Tuesday, December 02, 2008 10:21 AM EST
Category: Major Medical, Protecting Your Family
Tags: Vitamin D, Living Well, Heart Attack, Stroke, FDA and Prescription Drugs

Vitamin D deficiency linked to heart disease and diabetes.

LEARN MORE

 

IMAGE SOURCE:© iStockPhoto/ girl in meadow/ author: arphotokike

 

We’ve been hearing all of the good news about vitamin D.  From increasing bone density to fighting cancer - it’s hard to imagine this little appreciated, inexpensive vitamin was under the mainstream radar for so long.

Now add another star to vitamin D’s chart.

Cardiovascular risk appears to increase with a vitamin D deficiency, new research finds.  Sorting through the studies on vitamin D is Dr. James H. O’Keefe, director of preventive cardiology at the Mid America Heart Institute in Kansas City.

The findings are published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology (JACC).

O’Keefe says of a vitamin D deficiency, “It is associated with major risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes and stiffening of the left ventricle of the heart and blood vessels. Inflammation is really important for heart disease, and people with vitamin D deficiency have increased inflammation.”

That translates to stroke and congestive heart failure. Low levels of vitamin D can also alter hormone levels and immune function, which can increase the risk of diabetes.

It’s estimated that half of adults and one-third of children may be deficient in the vitamin. A study out of Children’s Hospital in Boston earlier this year, found that 40 percent of infants and toddlers are not getting enough vitamin D.

A low level is defined as below 15 nanograms per milliliter of blood. People in that category were twice as likely to suffer a heart attack, stroke or other cardiovascular problem.

The man who identified vitamin D receptors in heart cells, Robert Simpson at the University of Michigan, tells US News, "It is a precursor to a hormone, and this prehormone is responsible for making a very important regulator of cardiovascular processes," he said.

Routine screening for levels of circulating vitamin D is recommended.

Getting The Sunshine Vitamin

Vitamin D deficiency likely results from staying out of the sun.

Sunshine exposure allows the body to create its own vitamin D. Ten minutes between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. on skin without sunscreen should be adequate. Darker skin people need slightly more exposure. Beyond 15 or 30 minutes, sunscreen should be added. 

But supplementation is recommended since few foods, other than salmon, cod liver oil, and deepwater fish have adequate amounts.  Vitamin D is added to supplement milk and some cereals, but not enough to be sufficient.  

A minimum of 200 IU (International Units) a day is recommended, while others look at over 1,000 IU daily.

The authors recommend the following for restoring vitamin D levels in deficient patients:

  • Initial treatment with 50,000 IU of vitamin D2 or D3, once weekly for 8-12 weeks
  • Maintenance therapy could include the same dosage every two weeks
  • 1,000 to 2,000 vitamin D3 daily
  • Sunlight exposure for 10 minutes for Caucasians, longer for dark skin

Can you overdose on vitamin D?  

Researchers believe it tends to be safe, but in some rare cases, taking in excess of 20,000 IU a day, toxicity can include high calcium levels and kidney stones. #


3 Comments

Anonymous User
Posted by Ali Mohyee
Tuesday, December 02, 2008 11:32 AM EST

Is there any indication that Vitamin D deficiency contributes to insomnia?

Jane Akre Injury Board Community Member
Posted by Jane Akre
Tuesday, December 02, 2008 12:40 PM EST

The short answer is yet- anything that has to do with calcium absorbtion has to do with sleep. Check out the following resources - easy and simple and drug free.

LINK

LINK

Mercola on sleep
LINK

Vitamin D resource page
LINK

Dr. Edlund of Sarasota, FL
LINK

He talks about getting the body back into its natural rhythms
LINK

Anonymous User
Posted by jane bowlin
Thursday, December 11, 2008 12:35 PM EST

I was recently ck.'d for VIT. D and found to have a huge deficiency. Since I've been in the medical field since I was 24 (am 58 now) am amazed I had no idea how very important this vitamin is. It's intriguing to discover some of the studies & health issues related to this.
Would love to hear your story or comments!!
Jane / Richmond VA

Comments for this article are closed.

About the National News Desk

Our mission is to seek the complete truth and provide a full and fair account of the events and issues that surround personal safety, accident prevention, and injury recovery.  We are committed to serving the public with honesty and integrity in these efforts.

Hurt in an accident? Contact an Injury Board member

Subscribe to Blog Updates

Enter your email address if you would like to receive email notifications when comments are made on this post.

Email address

Subscribe

RSS Feed

Add the National News Desk to your favorite RSS reader

Add to Google Reader Add to myYahoo Add to myMSN Add to Bloglines Add to Newsgator Add to Netvibes Add to Pageflakes